(J.F. Gmel.) Pers. 1794
SPORANGIA: total height 1.5 to 5 mm., stalked, piriform or turbinate, free or combined in small clusters, 0.6 to 0.8 mm. diam., yellowish olive, reddish brown, brown, or purple, often areolate with paler lines of dehiscence.
STALK: cylindrical, often adherent in clusters of two to eight, furrowed, red or purplish brown, consisting within of spongy tissue enclosing refuse matter.
PERIDIUM: of two layers, the outer charged with granular matter and continued into the stalk, the inner membranous, translucent, enclosing the spores.
CAPILLITIUM: of cylindrical yellowish brown elaters 4-5 fi diam., sometimes branched, gradually tapering to long slender points which are smooth at the tips, marked with three to five flattened, or prominent lax and often rugged, spiral bands.
SPORES: Ochraceous yellow, minutely spinulose,
9 - 11 µm diam..
HABITAT: On dead wood.
DISTRIBUTION: Cosmopolitan, known from Auckland, Bay of Plenty, Buller, South Canterbury and Southland.